Preliminary References to the Court of Justice of the European Union and Effective Judicial Protection
The preliminary reference procedure under Article 267 TFEU is the keystone of the EU judicial system and its legal order. Based on a dialogue between the Court of Justice and national courts, it is strictly linked to the protection of the rights that individuals derive from EU law.
This book focuses on this procedure from the perspective of the right to effective judicial protection, in light of Article 19(1), second subparagraph, TEU and Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the EU. It explores the level of protection that is ensured to individuals in order to access to the Court of Justice through preliminary references on the validity of EU acts and on the interpretation of EU law.
The book offers a threefold perspective on preliminary references, through an analysis of the case law of the Court of Justice itself, of the European Court of Human Rights in relation to Article 6(1) ECHR, and of the constitutional courts of Austria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Spain, where the national courts’ refusals to refer can lead to the violation of national constitutional rights. It further investigates the obligations for Member States and national courts in the framework of the preliminary reference procedure and how the right to effective judicial protection affects them. The examination outlines the implications that could flow from the recognition of a right for individuals to have a question referred to the ECJ, as part of the right to effective judicial protection under EU law, in particular its nature and its enforcement. Building upon the existing system of sanctions for the violations of the obligation to submit a preliminary question, the book advances some proposals to rethink the current system of remedies.
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List of abbreviations
Part One – Effective judicial protection through preliminary references
Chapter 1. Effective judicial protection through preliminary references in the case law of the Court of Justice of the EU
Chapter 2. Effective judicial protection through preliminary references in the case law of the European Court of Human Rights
Chapter 3. Effective judicial protection through preliminary references in the case law of national Constitutional Courts
Conclusion of Part One
Part Two – Rethinking the preliminary reference procedure in light of the right to effective judicial protection
Chapter 4. The national courts’ mandate as referring courts in light of the right to effective judicial protection
Chapter 5. The mandate of referring courts in light of Member States’ obligation to ensure the right to effective judicial protection
Chapter 6. The enforcement of the obligation to refer preliminary questions : Which remedies for which right?
Conclusion of Part Two
Liste des contributeurs
- Clelia Lacchi : Référendaire à la Cour de justice de l’Union européenne
- Eleftheria Neframi : Professeur à l’Université du Luxembourg et à l’Université Paris 13